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Call for papers – CORPUS / 18 / 2018 "Corpus and language disorders: from data collection to analyses for clinical and applied linguistics" (dir. Chr. da Silva-Genest and C. Masson)

****Call for papers – CORPUS / 18 / 2018****

Title: Corpus and language disorders: from data collection to analyses for clinical and applied linguistics

Coordinators: Christine da Silva-Genest (Université de Lorraine & Devah) and Caroline Masson (Université de Lorraine & ATILF)

The aim of this issue of Corpus is to gather contributions focusing on creation and use of corpora to study language disorders in children and adults. For language impairment studies, the understanding of the language abilities of speakers vary from experimental tasks eliciting verb forms and specific linguistic structures (for a review see de Weck & Marro, 2010) to data collection in the most ecological situations (Boulton et al, 2013). These two approaches point to different but complementary views of language functioning: the former aims at evaluating out of context the production and the lack of production (or deviant production) of a given linguistic phenomenon, while the later focuses on the mobilisation of all the speaker’s abilities in context.

The creation of corpora is a methodological framework definitively relevant to study and describe the language practices. On the one hand, collection ensures the availability of resources on language disorders in various situations to be used for linguistic and descriptive analyses. On the other hand, it contributes to improve scientific knowledge of speech and language disorders. Moreover, the speech and language-impairment researches have recently broadened to the examination of clinical situations along with situations of family interactions (Rodi, 2011). This enables health professionals to improve their knowledge on their interventions and the patients’ reactions. The creation of authentic data, methodology and analytical tools are necessary for a better understanding in this field (Morgenstern, 2016).

In corpus linguistics, researchers have discussed for a long time the enhancement and spreading of resources, in particular the availability of data they have gathered, e.g. in spoken French (Blanche-Benveniste, 1997; Debaisieux et al, 2016), applied linguistics (Boulton, 2009), language disorders (Goodwin, 2000; Ghio et al, 2006; MaxWhinney et al, 2010, 2011) or language acquisition (Canut & Vertalier, 2008; Morgenstern & Parisse, 2007). Along with data collection, their spreading is equally important. The CHILDES project, an international and multilingual database of natural and semi-guided interactions (MacWhinney, 2000), created collaboratively, has enabled collaboration between researchers from different backgrounds on unified corpora. In France, the development of ORTOLANG (Pierrel & Parisse, 2016) offers to willing researchers the possibility of filing on the platform the resources and the tools they elaborated so as to spread and share them. Therefore, researchers in language acquisition and/or language disorders have access to some corpora established in research projects, such as e.g. the Paris Corpus (Morgenstern & Parisse, 2012), TCOF project (André & Canut, 2010), PLPNat (Bassano, 2007), Paroles Disfluentes (Praxiling), DySpoLec (Lalain et al, 2012)…

However, lingustic data from speakers (children or adults) with language disorders are not sufficiently available: researchers agree that data collections are scarce and often unavailable to the scientific community, especially for French data. Yet, the development of collections could contribute to the development of research on speech and language disorders, enabling researchers, students and professionals to work on ecological data, collected in a scientific framework and entirely annotated.

This special issue aims to consider the possibilities, contributions and limits of collection and processing of corpora in the field of speech and language disorders. Propositions of papers must focus on three specific topics:

1.Use of corpus in language disorders research

In particular, we welcome contributions focusing on the role and relevance of corpus for scientific purposes, raising questions about:

- What are the specific features of data collection and processing in language disorders?

- How, when and why is it relevant to create a corpus? Which objectives can be targeted?

- What are the benefits and the constraints of working on corpus (by contrast with experimental approaches for example)?

- What is required and necessary to make data available?

2. Use of corpus for study of clinical situations

This second point will attempt to question the use of corpus for professional expertise. The submissions may raise the following questions:

- What does collection and processing data imply for professional practices?

- How could corpus linguistics help professionals to describe their acts and their efficiency?

- Which tools of corpus linguistics are relevant to evaluate language and practices?

3. Processing of oral and/or written data in corpus linguistics

Our last concern is the various relationships that already exist, or will develop, between corpus linguistics and the description of clinical situations descriptions. We welcome contributions on the following issues:

- What are the existing tools of corpus linguistics? Which are needed?

- Which tools for which type of data? How to process oral and written data: which differences, which similarities?

- What are the connections between fundamental research, applied and professional practices? How to develop collaborations?

- How to train professionals to analyses of corpora?

Bibliography

André, V. & Canut, E. (2010). Mise à disposition de corpus oraux interactifs: le projet TCOF (Traitement des Corpus Oraux en Français). Pratiques, 147-148, 35-51.

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (2004). Preferred practice patterns for the profession of speech-language pathology [Preferred Practice Patterns]. Available from www.asha.org/policy.

Bassano, D. (2007). Emergence et développement du langage : enjeux et apports des nouvelles approches fonctionnalistes. In E. Dumont & MN. Metz-Lutz (Eds), L’acquisition du langage et ses troubles. Marseille : SOLAL Editeurs, Collection Psychologie, 13-46.

Bilger, M. (2000). Corpus. Méthodologie et applications linguistiques. Paris : Honoré Champion.

Blanche-Benveniste, C. (1997). Approches de la langue parlée en français. Paris : Ophrys.

Boulton, A. (2009). Documents authentiques, oral, corpus. Mélanges CRAPEL, 31, 5-13.

Boulton, A., Canut, E., Guerin, E., Parisse, C. & Tyne, H. (2013). Corpus et appropriation de L1 et L2. Linx, 68-69, 9-32.

Canut, E. & Vertalier, M. (2008). Des données représentatives… De quoi en acquisition du langage ? Constitution de données à observer et objectifs d’analyse. Verbum, 30(4), 299-312.

da Silva-Genest, C. & Masson, C. (soumis). Apport de la linguistique de corpus à l’étude des situations cliniques : utilisation de ressources écologiques pour évaluer les pratiques professionnelles. Studii de Linguistica, 7 .

Debaisieux, J.M., Benzitoun, C. & Delofeu, H.J. (2016). Le projet ORFEO : Un corpus d’études pour le français contemporain. Corpus, 15, 91-114.

de Weck, G. & Marro, P. (2010), Les troubles du langage chez l'enfant. Description et évaluation. Issy-les-Moulineaux: Elsevier Masson.

Ghio, A., Teston, B., Viallet, F., Jankowski, L., Purson, A., et al. (2006). Corpus de parole pathologique, état d’avancement et enjeux méthodologiques. Travaux Interdisciplinaires du Laboratoire Parole et Langage d’Aix-en-Provence (TIPA), 25, 109-126.

Goodwin, C., 2000. Gesture, aphasia, and interaction. In D. McNeill (Ed.), Language and Gesture. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 84-98.

Lalain, M., Mendonça-Alves, L. Espesser, R., Ghio, A., De Looze, C. Reis, C. (2012). Lecture et prosodie chez l’enfant dyslexique, le cas des pauses. Actes de la conférence conjointe JEP-TALN-RECITAL, 41-48.

Lété, B., Sprenger-Charolles, L. & Colé, P. (2004). Manulex : A grade-level lexical database from French elementary-school readers. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments and Computers, 36, 156-166.

MacWhinney, B. (2000). The CHILDES Project: Tools for Analyzing Talk. 3rd Edition. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

MacWhinney, B. et al. (2010) Automated analysis of the Cinderella story. Aphasiology, 24 (6-8):856-868

MacWhinney, B. et al. (2011). AphasiaBank : Methods for studying discourse. Aphasiology, 25(11), 1286-1307.

Morgenstern, A. (2016). Pratiques langagières et comportements du patient en milieu familial : apport des méthodes ethnographiques multimodales pour la recherche en médecine. Ethics, Medicine and Public Health, 2, 641-649.

Morgenstern, A. & Parisse, C. (2007). Codage et interprétation du langage spontané d’enfants de 1 à 3 ans. Corpus, 6, 55-78.

Morgenstern, A. & Parisse, C. (2012). The Paris Corpus. French language studies 22: 7-12.

Parisse, C. & Le Normand, M.T. (2007). Une méthode pour évaluer la production du langage spontané chez l'enfant de 2 à 4 ans. Glossa, 97, 10-30.

Pierrel, J.M. & Parisse, C. (2016). ORTOLANG: a French infrastructure for Open Resources and TOols for LANGuage. 5th CLARIN Annual Conference, Aix-en-Provence.

Praxiling – UMR 5267 (2017). Paroles disfluentes [Corpus]. ORTOLANG – www. ortolang.fr, https://hdl.handle.net/11403//paroles-disfluentes/v1.

Rodi, M. (2011). Interactions logopédiste-enfant: Comment se construisent des échanges potentiellement acquisitionnels dans une situation de jeu symbolique? Glossa, 110, 49-68.

Rondal, J. A. (1997). L'évaluation du langage. Sprimont (Belgique): Mardaga.

Submission modalities

Long abstracts should be sent (two pages, PDF document) including a presentation of hypothesizes, data, method and a short bibliography before October 1st 2017 at <christine.da-silva-genest@univ-lorraine.fr> and <caroline.masson@univ-lorraine.fr>.

Selected submissions will be sent in their full version by March 15th 2018 (same emails) in accordance with Corpus style sheet (see website > Consignes aux auteurs).

Submission deadline:

June 1st 2017: call for papers

October 1st 2017: submission of long abstracts

October 15th 2017: notification of acceptance

March 15th 2018: submission of articles (full versions)

May 15th 2018: final version for edition

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